Sciatica / Pinched Nerve
The nerve pain caused by irritation or injury to the sciatic nerve is called sciatica. Pain caused by sciatica or pinched nerve originates in the gluteal or buttock area. The sciatic nerve is the thickest and longest nerve in the body. Injury to the sciatic nerve is considered rare.
The term sciatica is often used to refer to any pain that starts in the lower back and travels down the leg. The condition usually only affects one side of the body. Sciatica occurs when a bone spur or a herniated disk compresses part of the nerve. The condition can cause pain, inflammation, and numbness in the affected leg.
While pain associated with the condition can be severe, most cases won’t need sciatic nerve surgery or pinched nerve surgery. Sciatic nerve pain treatment options might involve sciatic nerve surgery if there’s a significant weakness in the leg or bladder or bowel changes.